Africa-EU Partnership: Dialogue and Capacity for Delivery

Originally published in the online publication The Global Game has Changed The 4th Africa-EU Summit was held at a unique period due to four important developments: the crises in South Sudan, Central African Republic, and Mali, and the ensuing upheavals in Libya, Egypt and Tunisia, the new leadership at the African Union Commission (AUC), and ...

African-Led International Support Mission in Mali (AFISMA): Military ahead of Politics

Originally published as a report by Al Jazeera Center for Studies Held on 29 January 2013 under the chairmanship of Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn, the 20th African Union Ordinary Session in Addis Ababa conducted a pledging conference for the African-led International Support Mission in Mali (AFISMA) and the Malian Defence and Security Forces (MDSF). ...

The Future of Somalia’s Legal System and its Contribution to Peace and Development

Originally published in the Journal of Peace Building & Development This article argues that the distressing situation in Somalia offers an opportunity to introduce new legal institutions with less colonial path-dependence and greater sensitivity to the security and development needs of Somalians. Peace and stability could be enhanced by allowing customary law and Islamic courts ...

The First Ten Years of AU and Its Performance in Peace and Security

Originally published in ISPI’s policy brief No region is more plagued with violent conflicts than Africa. The presence of more than 11 peacekeeping missions composed of nearly 50,000 strong UN and AU peacekeepers in areas such as Darfur, Abyei, Somalia and the Democratic Republic of Congo, as well as thousands of western military forces in ...

Federalism and conflicts in Ethiopia

Originally published in Africa Insight Since 1991, Ethiopia has been implementing an ethno-linguistic federal system. This system established nine ethnically based regional states. In this article, I briefly discuss the moral and legal justification of group (collective) rights of ethno-cultural communities and introduces the concept of ethnic federalism in general, and Ethiopian ethnic federalism in ...

Ethiopian Constitution protects diversity

Originally published in 2007 in the Federations, Multiethnic Ethiopia has miraculously remained intact despite a dizzying 30 years that has seen it go from a monarchy to communism to a transition to democracy all while having to endure several droughts, famines and oppressive poverty. Its strength and its capacity to endure seem to lie in ...

Rwanda and President Kagame

Originally published as a report by Al Jazeera Center for Studies After winning 98.6 percent of the votes, President Paul Kagame was inaugurated for his third term in office on 18 August 2017. Rwandan political development is a holdover from its history of the 1994 Genocide and the political discourse that preceded it. Rwanda is ...

Evolving Peace Trends and Regional Integration: Opportunities for revitalizing Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)

Evolving Peace Trends and Regional Integration: Opportunities for revitalizing Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)
Originally published in Tana Forum 2019 Tana Papers Political Dynamics in the Horn of Africa: Nurturing the Emerging Peace Trends Strategically positioned at the major geopolitical and geo-economic nexus of the Red Sea and the Suez Canal, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) region belongs to the African and Middle Eastern economic, religious, historical, migratory, ...

Migration—A View from Africa

In Africa, there are an estimated 16.3 million migrants and close to 13.5 million internally displaced persons(IDPs) in 19 countries (UN, 2002; Norwegian Refugee Council, 2002). There are estimated to be some 3.25 million African refugees and asylum seekers. The International Labour Organization estimates that the number of labor migrants in Africa today constitutes one-fifth ...

The Kampala Convention and Its Contributions to International Law

Over the years, Africa has had to grapple with multifarious humanitarian situations arising from conflicts and natural disasters that have afflicted the continent, resulting in the massive displacement and flight of millions of peoples both within their territories and across borders. As a result, the continent has earned the reputation of being labelled the region ...