Unveiling Ethiopia-Somaliland MoU and its implications

Originally Published at: Addis Standard At the core of the current debate surrounding the recent Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between Ethiopia and Somaliland lies three major interests: Somalia’s unity, territorial integrity, and sovereignty; Somaliland’s pursuit of de jure recognition of its de facto independence and sovereignty, alongside Ethiopia’s renewed long-standing aspiration to regain access to ...

Tigray’s strategic dilemma in midst of unraveling polycrisis in the Horn and US policy shift toward Eritrea: Scenarios for transitional administration

Originally Published on: Addis Standard and The Elephant On 1 December 2023, over a year after the signing of the Agreement for Lasting Peace through the Permanent Cessation of Hostilities (the Pretoria Agreement) in Pretoria, South Africa, the African Union (AU) convened the Third Joint Committee Meeting of the Monitoring, Verification, and Compliance Mechanism (MVCM) ...

Sudan’s Atrocious Political Transition: Resolving the Displacement and Humanitarian Crisis

Sudan’s Atrocious Political Transition: Resolving the Displacement and Humanitarian Crisis
Originally Published on: UNU – CRIS Amid global attention on conflicts in Gaza and Ukraine, a largely ignored proxy war continues in the Republic of Sudan, often veiled in misinformation and disregarded as geopolitically unimportant by the Western world. This war, similar to those in Ethiopia’s regions of Tigray, Oromia, Amhara, and the Democratic Republic ...

Beyond the ‘Race to the Bottom’: Africa on the Global Chessboard and the Call for Renewed Pan-African Agency

Beyond the ‘Race to the Bottom’: Africa on the Global Chessboard and the Call for Renewed Pan-African Agency
Originally Published on: UNU – CRIS CIA Director William J. Burns in his compelling speech titled ‘A World Transformed and the Role of Intelligence’ incisively pointed the pivotal strategic dilemma Africa, and the Global South are confronting due to increasing geopolitical competition. “In a more volatile and uncertain world, in which power is more diffuse, the ...

UN Human Rights Council Should Extend Investigation Commission on Ethiopia

Originally Published on: Just Security The United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) will soon decide the future of an independent commission investigating alleged war crimes and other human rights violations in Ethiopia’s Tigray region and other areas. The panel of three experts has identified “grave and systematic violations of international law and crimes” since the ...

Tigray Atrocities: Extending ICHREE Mandate Crucial for Accountability

Originally Published on: The Elephant On September 14, 2023, ICHREE submitted its second report that details the atrocities committed in Ethiopia and called for further investigation. ICHREE also reiterated its call for unrestricted access to regions where grave atrocities persist. Ethiopia’s failure to credibly investigate violations of international human rights and humanitarian law leads ICHREE ...

Transboundary natural resource disputes in Africa: Policies, institutions and management experiences

Co-Authored Paper Originally Published on: https://repository.uneca.org/bitstream/handle/10855/24471/b11898410.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y Africa’s rich natural resources have the potential to fuel its economic growth and transformation but only if effectively governed. Increased global demand in the last 20 years has heightened intra- and interstate resource disputes, jeopardizing regional stability. If managed correctly, these resources can push the continent from exporting low-value commodities to establishing ...

Overview of displacement in Sudan: The causes, dynamics, and consequences

Originally Published at: MPC Blog In mid-April, fighting erupted in Sudan between the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and the Rapid Support Forces (RSF). As of 18 June 2023, the conflict has resulted in over 1,000 civilians deaths and left 2.2 million people displaced; of 78% whom are Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs). Thisraises the total number of IDPs in Sudan to ...

A hobbled transition: The intractable task of Tigray Interim Administration

Originally Published on Addis Standard and co-authored with Kjetill Tronvoll In office since March 2023, the Tigray Interim Regional Administration – tasked to oversee the political transition integrating Tigray into the constitutional order of Ethiopia – is facing increasing criticism and challenges from within Tigray, in Ethiopia, and from international actors. The multiple pressure they ...

Tigray’s precarious transition: On the establishment of an Interim Regional Administration

Originally Posted on: Democracy in Africa By Kjetil Tronvoll & Mehari Taddele Maru After two years of ravaging war, the Tigray Regional State’s government, represented by the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), and the Federal Government of Ethiopia, reached an Agreement for Lasting Peace through the Permanent Cessation of Hostilities (CoHA). The agreement prescribes that “the ...