Figuratively, a reformer needs a telescope for long-horizon vision and a microscope for the basics. The AU needs long-term foresight that focuses on the superstructure, the end state and envisaged vision of the reform; but more importantly, it requires a strong foundational substructure.
The AU reform agenda began with an overall strategic vision as provided within Agenda 2063. The reform agenda was introduced in recognition of the fact that Agenda 2063 cannot be implemented without a reform of the AU. The reform agenda also began with the basic principle of identifying the areas of reform (initially four but later extended to five priorities), which are: focusing on continental priorities, realigning AU institutions for delivery; connecting the AU to its citizens; effective and efficient management of the business of the AU; and sustainable financing of the AU.