Rethinking the North African Uprising

After a year of the North African uprisings that took every body by surprise, it is time to undertake a ‘reality check’ in terms of what we believe the causes to be, the anticipated consequences, and what the future holds for the countries affected and the remaining African continent. This paper examines the events in ...

On Unconstitutional Changes of Government: The Case of Libya’s NTC

The African Union (AU) High-Level ad hoc committee on Libya in its 14 September 2011 meeting, held in Pretoria, South Africa, reviewed the situation in Libya. The Communiqué of the ad hoc committee indicates the continuous communication between the AU Commission and the National Transitional Council (NTC). The ad hoc committee has expressed its satisfaction ...

How the AU Should Have Recognised the Libyan NTC

During its 291st Meeting of the AU Peace and Security Council, the African Union (AU) failed to officially recognise the National Transitional Council (NTC) in Libya.  It indicated that it would grant recognition only when an ‘all-inclusive transitional government’ is established in Libya. For this reason, the former Libyan representatives to the AU, who are ...

IGAD Migration Action Plan (MAP) to operationalize The IGAD Regional Migration Policy Framework

The IGAD region, constituting Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Somalia, South Sudan and Sudan, currently hosts 4.6 million IDPs and 1.8 million refugees, while also producing 1.9 million refugees. In relative terms, the region hosts 12 percent and produces 13 percent of global refugees. In 2011, the EU received 327,000 migrants. Some 81, 000 of ...

Shrinking Civil Society Space in the Horn of Africa

This report reviews the legal framework regulating civil society organizations (CSOs) in ten countries of the greater Horn of Africa (HoA) (for the purposes of this report, the greater HoA is made up of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, Somaliland, Sudan, South Sudan, and Uganda) evaluating them against existing international norms and national constitutional ...

Common African Position (CAP) on Humanitarian Effectiveness

The Common African Position represents the resolve of Africa’s leaders to address the root causes and progressively reduce the phenomenon of forced displacement on the continent. It is our aspiration to address the long-term social economic transformation of the continent in line with Agenda 2063. However, it is our conviction that we cannot achieve such ...

The North African Uprisings under the African Union’s Normative Framework

In early 2011, popular uprisings swept across North Africa, spearheaded by the region’s outraged youth crying ominously “our country or death!” The choice for the authoritarian leaders in power was clear: change fast,resign or perish. The events in North Africa brought about sweeping changes in leaderships in Tunisia, Egypt and Libya. Ben Ali fled Tunisia, ...

Draft African Union Border Governance Strategy

Since the establishment of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), Africa had to deal with border issues, particularly in relation to conflicts over disputed borders drawn mainly by colonial powers. Following the OAU, the African Union (AU) is committed to a progressive border agenda recognizing the positive contribution of border governance in peace and security, ...

Is political integration in the Horn of Africa possible?

@DrMehari Recent diplomatic initiatives in the Horn are a positive step, but the region needs much more to achieve lasting peace. Following his recent efforts to achieve normalisation with Eritrea, Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed embarked on a shuttle diplomacy mission across the Horn of Africa. Since the signing of the landmark June 2018 peace agreement between ...

Can Ethiopia Make the Transit to Stability?

@DrMehari   This in-depth analysis is an extension of my piece for Ethiopia Insight titled ‘The old EPRDF is dead, can its system be saved?’ which you can read here. This has been an eventful year for Ethiopia’s politics. Under Abiy Ahmed Ali, who became Prime Minister in April 2018, the government has eased its previous ...